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Economic Position of Developing Countries in Context of Dependency Theory of Latin American Scientific School

V.A. Tkachev
senior lecturer of the Department of Economics and Organization of Tourism of St. Petersburg State University of Economics, PhD in Economics, associate professor
St. Petersburg
We research conceptual clauses and key principles of the dependency theory of developing countries in Latin American scientific school. Approaches of different authors to solving the problem of achieving an optimal level of these countries’ development are analyzed.


  • development theory
  • social and economic position of developing countries
  • Latin American scientific school
  • war against poverty
  • economic cooperation
  • Despite considerable differences in approaches to reaching the optimal development level the representatives of Latin American scientific school share the opinion concerning the dominating role of state as the only institution able to carry out the necessary socio-economic policy for the benefit of the whole society. Besides, our analysis shows that most researchers supported the orientation to internal development factors as well as gradual retreat from importing industrial products and consumer goods. Analyzing the evolution of principles of the development economics of XX century we distinguish three basic scientific directions – modernization theory, theory of meeting basic needs, dependency theory. On the basis of the analysis of scientific research by scholars from South and Latin America we describe the basic concepts and principles of the dependency theory describing the relationship between the economies of developing and developed countries.

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