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CERTAIN ASPECTS OF DEVELOPING INNOVATIONS IN RUSSIA



Alexander Ivlev
Vilena Zasenko
Daria Rusetskaya
9iaf@mail.ru
vikiza@yandex.ru
dasha_r@inbox.ru
professor of the Department of Finance, Currency and Credit of St. Petersburg State University of Trade and Economics, Doctor of Economics, professor
Head of the Department of Finance, Currency and Credit of St. Petersburg State University of Trade and Economics, Doctor of Economics, professor
candidate for PhD at the Department of Information Systems and Innovation Management of the Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship of ITMO University
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg

Keywords:

  • innovations
  • history
  • commercialization
  • stimulation
  • development strategy
  • We research the history of certain aspects of innovations in Russia in XVIII – XXI centuries connected with the most outstanding achievements in railway construction, the armaments indus-try, power engineering, aviation, genetics and in developing the legal basis regulating the customs activity.
    The research is aimed at studying and describing the history of the brightest innovations in Russia, revealing problems arising at the stage of innovation implementation and finding ways to solve them. The following tasks are set to achieve the goal: to describe the most significant events connected with the implementation of innovations in certain spheres of Russian society, to find correlations between innovations and historical events in social, political and economic environment, to estimate the dependence of innovations on historical events, to describe problems connected with applying innovations.
    The research is focused on the innovations in the armaments industry, power engineering, aviation, natural and technical sciences, economics (by the example of developing the legal base for customs regulation). The subject of our study is the process of innovation evolution against the background of certain historical events. The main methods applied in the research are the description and qualitative analysis of the situation representing a research of various factors that affected the development of innovations in Russia.
    We research the history of certain aspects of innovations in Russia in XVIII – XXI centuries connected with the most outstanding achievements in railway construction, the armaments industry, power engineering, aviation, genetics and in developing the legal basis regulating the customs activity.
    The research is aimed at studying and describing the history of the brightest innovations in Russia, revealing problems arising at the stage of innovation implementation and finding ways to solve them. The following tasks are set to achieve the goal: to describe the most significant events connected with the implementation of innovations in certain spheres of Russian society, to find correlations between innovations and historical events in social, political and economic environment, to estimate the dependence of innovations on historical events, to describe problems connected with applying innovations.
    The research is focused on the innovations in the armaments industry, power engineering, aviation, natural and technical sciences, economics (by the example of developing the legal base for customs regulation). The subject of our study is the process of innovation evolution against the background of certain historical events. The main methods applied in the research are the description and qualitative analysis of the situation representing a research of various factors that affected the development of innovations in Russia.
    As approaches to solving the problem of innovation development in our country we determine the reasons and suggest certain steps to improve the situation such as establishing foundations to support scholars or increasing stimulation in research universities.

    188300 Russia, Leningrad region, Gatchina, st. Roshchinskaya, 5